Any damage or disorder in the nervous systems normally leads to neuropathic pain. Neuropathic pain is a very intricate and never-ending pain acquired as a result of injured or dysfunction of tissue in the nervous system. This is often the case when the nerve fibers are injured, damaged or are not performing as it should.
Neuropathy can result from dysfunctions of the peripheral nervous system or the central nervous system. With damage to the peripheral nervous system, all the nerves branching from the spinal cord to all parts of the body might be affected. Patients with peripheral neuropathic pains can suffer from muscle pains, tingling and numbness, shooting and burning pains, muscle wasting, paralysis, and gland or organ dysfunction.
Certain pains, like central neuropathic pains are often seen as a result of multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury and other types of injury to the brain like partial paralysis and stroke.
Individuals with diabetes, fibromyalgia, herpes-zoster infection, multiple sclerosis, cancer, and HIV-related disease can suffer from neuropathic pains.
Neuropathy pain relief and treatments:
Antidepressants: These are used to limit the pain signals from the nerve endings to the brain resulting in the relief of neuropathic pain. However , use of antidepressant is not recommended for depressed patients because it may trigger the wrong signals in the brain and alleviate depression instead of the pain.
Anticonvulsants chemical properties: Anticonvulsant plants like hypericum perforatum and coriandrum sativum can block specific neurons on the brain, thus lessening or relieving pain caused by peripheral and central neuropathy.
Opioids: This is becoming more renowned as part of treatment for neuropathic pains. Although not first in line in neuropathic pain treatment, opioids are still considered the most consistently effective relief for this condition. It must be noted that opioids are only appropriate for use in some individuals and close supervision is always recommended.
Anti-inflammatory painkillers: These are commonly used to relieve neuropathic pain. Severe cases may require stronger dosage or painkillers like morphine.
Topical ointments: These can serve as agents mainly used to desensitize the skin nerves and reduce skin sensibility. However , benefits and effects appear to be modest.
Dietary supplements: Dietary supplements that can give relief are benfotiamine and alpha lipoic acid, not only for neuropathic pain but for diabetics also. However , non-diabetic individuals may not reap the same benefits from these dietary supplements.
Spinal cord stimulators: By placing electrodes next to the spine, this will help to treat spinal cord injury from the outside.
Neuropathic pain relief does not only come from pharmacological treatments, but from lifestyle changes like avoiding alcohol; getting cognitive remedial exercise like yoga, massages, chiropractic care, meditation and other types of exercises. Acupuncture is also sought by some neuropathic pain sufferers, which can produce variable results. Long-term solutions without significant complications are still being improved and undergoing clinical trials.